The use of "Taps” is unique to the United States military, as the call is sounded at funerals,
wreath-laying ceremonies, and memorial services. "Taps” originally began as a signal to extinguish
lights. Up until the Civil War, the infantry call for "Extinguish Lights” was the one set down in the
Infantry manuals which had been borrowed from the French. The music for "Taps” was changed
by Major General Daniel Adams Butterfield for his brigade in July 1862. Butterfield was not
pleased with the call for "Extinguish Lights” feeling that it was too formal to signal the day’s end.
With the help of the brigade bugler, Oliver Willcox Norton, he created "Taps” to honor his men
while in camp at Harrison’s Landing, Virginia following the Seven Days’ battles during the